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What is Human Trafficking?
The trafficking of people is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of threat of or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
Trafficking =movement + exploitation
Child trafficking is child abuse
Types of trafficking
- Sexual exploitation - Brothels, massage parlours, night clubs, child abuse images, mainly girls
- Domestic servitude – Household chores, caring for children/elderly, link to private fostering arrangements
- Forced Labour – Agriculture, restaurants, construction sites, long hours, hazardous
- Forced criminality – Pick pocketing, ATM theft, cannabis farms, organised crime run gangs
- Fraud – benefit fraud, illegal adoptions
- Forced marriage – to marry older men, sexual and domestic servitude
- Organ trafficking – evidence may only be seen in a health setting
Help and support
If you suspect a child (anyone under 18) or adult has been trafficked then you should contact Essex Social Services or the Police.
The National Referral Mechanism (NRM) will start the process to identify individuals who may be potential victims of Trafficking and provide them with protection and support. This process starts when a referral is made to either the UK Human Trafficking Centre which will deal with referrals from the Police, Local Authorities and Non Government Organisations or to the Home Office which will deal with referrals identified as part of the immigration process.
Free advice line Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB)
T: 020 7735 8941 Monday to Friday 9.30am – 4.30pm
E: info @cfab.org.uk